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ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) and contenteditable in html pages

ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) and contenteditable are both crucial for enhancing web accessibility and user interaction. Here’s an explanation of each and how they interact:

ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications)

ARIA is a set of attributes that can be added to HTML elements to make web applications more accessible to people with disabilities. These attributes provide additional information to assistive technologies (like screen readers) that isn't conveyed by the standard HTML alone.

Key ARIA Attributes:

  1. Roles: Define what an element is (e.g., role="button", role="navigation").
  2. Properties: Describe the state or properties of an element (e.g., aria-disabled="true", aria-expanded="false").
  3. States: Indicate the current state of an element (e.g., aria-checked="true" for a checkbox).


<button aria-label="Close" aria-disabled="false">X</button>


The contenteditable attribute is a global attribute in HTML that allows users to edit the content of an element directly within the browser. When an element has contenteditable="true", the content becomes editable by the user.


<div contenteditable="true">This text can be edited by the user.</div>

Using ARIA with contenteditable

When using contenteditable, it's important to ensure that the editable content is accessible. Here’s how ARIA can help:

  1. Role Assignment: Assign appropriate roles to the contenteditable element.

    <div contenteditable="true" role="textbox" aria-multiline="true">Edit this text.</div>
  2. State and Property Management: Manage the state and properties using ARIA attributes.

    <div contenteditable="true" role="textbox" aria-multiline="true" aria-placeholder="Type your text here...">Edit this text.</div>
  3. ARIA Live Regions: Inform assistive technologies about dynamic content changes within contenteditable elements.

    <div contenteditable="true" role="textbox" aria-live="polite">This text will announce changes.</div>
  4. Keyboard Navigation: Ensure the contenteditable element is keyboard accessible, typically by setting tabindex="0".

    <div contenteditable="true" role="textbox" aria-multiline="true" tabindex="0">Edit this text.</div>

Practical Example:

Here is a practical example combining ARIA and contenteditable to ensure accessibility:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Accessible ContentEditable</title>
    <h1>Accessible ContentEditable Example</h1>
    <div contenteditable="true" role="textbox" aria-multiline="true" aria-placeholder="Type your text here..." tabindex="0">
        Edit this text.
        // Example script to handle ARIA live region updates
        const editableDiv = document.querySelector('[contenteditable]');
        editableDiv.addEventListener('input', () => {
            editableDiv.setAttribute('aria-live', 'assertive');
Published on: Jul 06, 2024, 07:08 AM  


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