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How react knows that a function is a custom hook

React doesn't explicitly "know" that a specific function is a custom hook. Instead, it relies on naming conventions and the rules of hooks to correctly handle custom hooks.

Naming Convention

Custom hooks in React are simply JavaScript functions that:

  1. Use other hooks inside them.
  2. Follow a naming convention that starts with the word use.

For example:

function useCustomHook() {
  const [state, setState] = useState(0);
  // ... more logic using hooks
  return [state, setState];

Rules of Hooks

React follows specific rules to correctly manage hooks:

  1. Only Call Hooks at the Top Level: Hooks should only be called at the top level of a function component or a custom hook. They should not be called inside loops, conditions, or nested functions.
  2. Only Call Hooks from React Functions: Hooks should only be called from function components or custom hooks.

How React Tracks Hooks

React uses an internal mechanism to track the order and number of hooks called during the render process. This is how it maintains the state and effects correctly across re-renders.

When React renders a component:

  1. It starts rendering from the top of the component.
  2. As it encounters hooks (useState, useEffect, etc.), it keeps track of the order in which they are called.
  3. If a custom hook is called (e.g., useCustomHook), React treats it like any other function that calls hooks in a specific order.
  4. During subsequent renders, React expects hooks to be called in the same order. This consistency allows React to preserve the state between renders.

Example of Custom Hook Usage

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function useCustomHook(initialValue) {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);

  useEffect(() => {
    console.log('Value has changed:', value);
  }, [value]);

  return [value, setValue];

function App() {
  const [count, setCount] = useCustomHook(0);

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>

export default App;

In this example:

Key Points

Published on: Jul 05, 2024, 05:39 AM  


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