Difference between physical, organic and inorganic chemistry
Physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry are three major subfields of chemistry, each with distinct focuses and areas of study!
- Focus: Physical chemistry deals with the fundamental principles and theories that govern chemical systems and the physical properties and behavior of matter.
- Areas of Study:
- Thermodynamics: The study of energy changes in chemical processes, including heat, work, and entropy.
- Quantum Mechanics: Examining the behavior of atoms and molecules at the quantum level, including electronic structure and spectroscopy.
- Kinetics: Investigating the rates of chemical reactions and the factors that influence reaction rates.
- Equilibrium: Analyzing the conditions at which chemical reactions reach a state of dynamic balance.
- Electrochemistry: Studying the relationship between chemical reactions and electricity, including redox reactions and electrochemical cells.
- Methods: Physical chemists use mathematical models, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments to explore and explain the behavior of chemical systems.
- Applications: Physical chemistry plays a crucial role in understanding chemical reactions, energy transfer, and the design of new materials and chemical processes. Nuclear reactions fall under the category of physical chemistry and nuclear chemistry.
- Focus: Organic chemistry primarily concentrates on the study of carbon-containing compounds, including hydrocarbons and their derivatives.
- Areas of Study:
- Structure and Bonding: Investigating the structure and bonding in organic molecules, including the study of functional groups.
- Reaction Mechanisms: Understanding how organic reactions occur, including the movement of electrons during reactions.
- Synthesis: Developing methods to create organic compounds, often with a focus on the preparation of specific molecules or pharmaceuticals.
- Spectroscopy: Using various techniques to analyze the structure and properties of organic compounds, including NMR and IR spectroscopy.
- Methods: Organic chemists perform laboratory experiments, use spectroscopic techniques, and often work on the synthesis of new organic compounds.
- Applications: Organic chemistry is vital in the development of pharmaceuticals, plastics, polymers, dyes, and the study of biological molecules such as proteins and DNA.
- Focus: Inorganic chemistry explores the properties, behavior, and applications of inorganic compounds, which include minerals, metals, and nonmetals.
- Areas of Study:
- Coordination Chemistry: Studying the structures and properties of coordination compounds, which consist of a central metal atom or ion bonded to surrounding ligands.
- Main Group Chemistry: Examining the chemistry of main group elements (s- and p-block) and their compounds.
- Organometallic Chemistry: Investigating compounds containing metal-carbon bonds and their reactivity.
- Bioinorganic Chemistry: Analyzing the role of metal ions in biological systems.
- Methods: Inorganic chemists use a combination of laboratory experiments, spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, and computational techniques to study and characterize inorganic compounds.
- Applications: Inorganic chemistry contributes to the development of catalysts, materials science, environmental chemistry, and the understanding of metal-based drugs and enzymes.
To crack JEE exam, you need to know all concepts of chemistry!!
Published on: Sep 12, 2023, 08:43 AM