Staging area in git

As mentioned in the article on Git architecture, we know that Git has one feature called as Staging area. Staging area contains the list of changes that will be committed into the repository. So before committing anything into repository, you have to add the files into staging area. Below image would be useful to understand the staging area (Also called as index or cache) Below command shows sample output of git add command. Note that we had one untracked file – f1.txt To add this file into staging area, we have used git add f1.txt command. After the file is added into staging area, git status shows that file in changes to be committed section.More add commands –
  • git add . : adds everything to staging area except removed files
  • git add -u: adds everything except new files
  • git add -A : It is as good as above 2 commands combined together

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