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How Grafana works internally

Grafana is an open-source platform for monitoring and observability, specializing in data visualization. Here’s an overview of how Grafana works internally and its key components:

Internal Architecture of Grafana

  1. Components:

    • Backend Server: Core component that handles data retrieval, authentication, authorization, and dashboard rendering.
    • Database: Stores configuration, metadata, and user preferences.
    • Frontend: Web-based user interface (UI) that users interact with to create, view, and manage dashboards.
    • Data Sources: Connectors to various data storage and monitoring systems (e.g., Prometheus, InfluxDB, Elasticsearch).
    • Plugins: Extend Grafana’s functionality for additional data sources, panels, and authentication methods.
  2. Data Flow:

    • Query Execution: When a user creates or updates a dashboard, Grafana sends queries to data sources to fetch metrics or logs data.
    • Data Processing: Received data is processed and transformed as per configured queries and transformations.
    • Visualization: Processed data is visualized using different types of panels (e.g., graphs, tables, gauges) based on user settings and configurations.
  3. User Interactions:

    • Dashboard Management: Users create and manage dashboards using Grafana’s UI, arranging panels and configuring data sources.
    • Alerting: Configure alert rules based on data queries, with notifications sent via various channels (e.g., email, Slack).
    • Exploration: Allows users to explore data interactively, drilling down into specific metrics or time ranges.
  4. Architecture Overview:

    • Backend Server: Handles HTTP requests from the frontend, manages user sessions, and interacts with data sources.
    • Frontend: Provides a responsive UI for users to interact with dashboards and settings, built using modern web technologies.
    • Database: Stores metadata, configuration settings, user preferences, and cached data for efficient retrieval.
  5. Integration with Data Sources:

    • Grafana integrates with a wide range of data sources through plugins and native integrations.
    • Each data source connector (e.g., Prometheus, Elasticsearch) implements methods to query data and receive updates from the respective data sources.
    • Grafana provides a unified interface for users to configure and manage data sources, making it easy to switch between different monitoring and data storage systems.

Key Features and Capabilities

Published on: Jul 08, 2024, 05:33 AM  


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