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What is Infura and how to use it

Infura is a service that provides access to Ethereum and IPFS (InterPlanetary File System) networks via APIs. It simplifies interaction with these networks by offering reliable and scalable infrastructure, making it easier for developers to build decentralized applications (dApps) without needing to run their own Ethereum or IPFS nodes.

Example of Using Infura API (Ethereum)

To interact with Ethereum through Infura, developers typically use JSON-RPC over HTTPS. Here's a simplified example of how you might use Infura to retrieve the latest Ethereum block number using a Node.js script:

  1. Setup:

    • Obtain an API key from Infura by signing up on their website.
    • Install a library like web3.js to interact with Ethereum.
  2. Node.js Example:

    const Web3 = require('web3');
    
    // Replace with your Infura project ID and Ethereum network (mainnet, ropsten, etc.)
    const infuraUrl = 'https://mainnet.infura.io/v3/YOUR_INFURA_PROJECT_ID';
    const web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider(infuraUrl));
    
    // Function to get the latest block number
    async function getLatestBlockNumber() {
        try {
            const blockNumber = await web3.eth.getBlockNumber();
            console.log('Latest block number:', blockNumber);
        } catch (error) {
            console.error('Error fetching block number:', error);
        }
    }
    
    // Call the function
    getLatestBlockNumber();
    
  3. Explanation:

    • Web3 Library: web3.js is a popular library for interacting with Ethereum.
    • Infura URL: Construct the URL with your Infura project ID and specify the Ethereum network (mainnet in this case).
    • API Call: Use web3.eth.getBlockNumber() to fetch the latest block number from the Ethereum blockchain via Infura.

Notes:

Infura supports various Ethereum networks (mainnet, ropsten, rinkeby, etc.) and also provides APIs for IPFS, allowing developers to integrate decentralized storage solutions into their applications seamlessly.

Published on: Jul 08, 2024, 11:39 PM  
 

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